Casino Black Jack Rules

Casino Black Jack Rules Inhaltsverzeichnis

Black Jack (auch Blackjack) ist das am meisten gespielte Karten-Glücksspiel, das in Dieses Reglement gilt in den meisten deutschen Casinos sowie in der Spielbank von Monte Carlo und den Spielbanken der Blackjack Rule Variations. Erfahren Sie, wie Blackjack spielen und all seinen Varianten zu Pokerstars Casino mit unserem praktischen Leitfaden für die Regeln des Spiels. Erfahren Sie, wie Sie Blackjack Live bei PokerStars Casino mit unserem Guide zum Spiel spielen können. Erfahren Sie die Regeln, die Sie benötigen. Neben Roulette ist Black Jack wahrscheinlich das meistgespielte Casino-Spiel der Welt. Kannst du die Bank schlagen? Chapter - Blackjack Rules Sie erfahren, wie die Casinos ihren Vorteil gegenüber den Spielern erreichen und wie Sie diesen Nachteil mithilfe der.

Casino Black Jack Rules

Walk up to the cashier's cage and exchange your caps for casino chips. The term “Blackjack” refers to when your first two cards are an ace and a 10 value card, which equals All of the casinos in the Fallout game follow these rules. Erfahren Sie, wie Sie Blackjack Live bei PokerStars Casino mit unserem Guide zum Spiel spielen können. Erfahren Sie die Regeln, die Sie benötigen. Black Jack ➤ Blackjack ist eines der beliebtesten Kartenspiele in der Casinowelt ➤ Beim Blackjack gelten unsere allgemein gültigen Black Jack Spielregeln.

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Die 8 "besten" Roulette Systeme. Sind alle Spieler bedient, zieht Aktuelle Gesundheitszustand Von Michael Schumacher Croupier seine zweite Karte. But unlike in real life, in the video game some of the casino managers will give Happybet De prizes before eventually kicking you out. Das entspricht gerade dem Abschluss einer Versicherung, wobei der Spieler die Hälfte seines ursprünglichen Einsatzes auf die Insurance line platziert. Die entsprechenden Regeln finden sich im folgenden Abschnitt Soft hand doubles. All of the casinos in the Fallout game follow these rules. Hierbei verliert er die Hälfte seines Book Of Ra Online Freispiele Einsatzes; die andere Hälfte erhält er zurück. Die Regeln von Black Jack sind international nahezu einheitlich, die nachstehende Beschreibung folgt dem Reglement, das für den Spieler am günstigsten ist. Die häufigste Land Casino hiervon ist Late Surrender ; hierbei kann der Spieler erst aufgeben, wenn der Dealer seine Hand auf einen Black Jack geprüft hat; hat der Dealer einen Black Jack, ist kein Aufgeben möglich und der Spieler verliert seinen vollen Einsatz. Auch wenn das Kartenzählen technisch gesehen legal ist wenn Sie nur Ihr Gehirn benutzenCasino Black Jack Rules es in Casinos verpönt. Top Menu. Hält sich der Spieler an die folgenden — als Basic strategy Book Of Ra Casino Test — Regeln, so minimiert er den Bankvorteil. Die Auszahlung ist in der Regel wie folgt:. Dadurch ist das Kartenzählen grundsätzlich obsolet. Lediglich Black Jacks gewinne auch bei Push 22 und werden ausbezahlt. Hat der Croupier einen Black Jackverlieren alle noch im Spiel befindlichen Teilnehmer, ausgenommen diejenigen, welche ebenfalls einen Black Jack besitzen; insbesondere verlieren auch diejenigen Spieler, welche 21 Punkte in der Hand halten. Verfasst von Henry Tamburin, Ph. Thorp entwickelte ein Spielsystem [4] [5]mit dessen Hilfe man als Spieler einen Vorteil gegenüber der Spielbank erlangte. In einer Box dürfen neben dem Boxeninhaber auch andere Spieler mitsetzen; mitsetzende Spieler Spiele Onliene aber kein Mitspracherecht und müssen die Entscheidungen des Boxeninhabers akzeptieren. Die 8 "besten" Roulette Systeme. Zwei Dinge sind erforderlich, um die Casinos zu schlagen: ein Gewinnsystem, das Sie genau befolgen, und ein Spielguthaben, um Ihre Einsätze platzieren zu können. In diesem Abschnitt erfahren Sie, wie Sie dabei vorgehen müssen. Zeigt die erste Karte des Croupiers ein Ass oder eine Karte mit dem Wert zehn, prüft dieser, ob er einen Black Jack hat — dieses Verfahren hat für den Spieler den Vorteil, dass er bei einem Paypal Konto Adresse Jack des Dealers in jedem Fall nur den einfachen Einsatz verliert und nicht den durch Teilen oder Verdoppeln erhöhten Einsatz.

If the dealer has 17 points off the deal without an Ace, most blackjack rules say the dealer will stand, even if a 21 player has a higher total.

The dealer also might have a soft 17 hand, which is one that includes an Ace and any other cards whose combined value totals six points.

Both land-based casinos and online blackjack casinos that support live dealer blackjack require dealers to take at least one more card with the dealer has a soft 17 showing.

While playing blackjack, as soon as a player is dealt a winning hand, the house pays out immediately.

These games are the most unfavorable to the player and should be avoided. That makes it very important to ensure you know the house blackjack rules before you begin gambling.

The table limits in blackjack vary from one casino to the next—both in land-based and online gambling casinos. Most 21 gaming tables accommodate up to six players, but the cost of high-limit tables generally limits the number of players.

Insurance essentially is a bet on whether or not the dealer has 21 right off of the deal, and requires players to lay half their initial wagers.

If the dealer has 21, the house will pay the insurance bets at That payoff will wipe out the loss from the initial wager.

If the dealer does have 21, the player will lose the initial bet but will receive a payout on their insurance amount, and so they will receive that same amount back.

If both have 21, most blackjack rules say that is a push. Some casino 21 rules, though, give ties to the dealer when it comes to a blackjack.

In most cases, though, a push results in the player getting back his or her wager. If the dealer does not have blackjack, anyone who bought insurance will lose that amount, regardless how the rest of the hand plays out.

It is important to note that players have a variety of options to choose from after their first two cards are dealt. The decisions they make should take into account the cards held by other players at the table, as well as the dealer.

In most cases, a player normally stands when the point value of their cards is between 16 and If a dealer has less than 17, they must continue drawing cards until they reach 17 or above, without going over If the scores of the player and the dealer are equal, the player receives their original bet back, and this is a push.

Should the dealer bust or go over 21 at any point, all the players at the table will win and receive a payout.

Any player who had blackjack would have already been paid out at least during the round and as much as Depending on the casino, some will let players cut their losses by surrendering half their bets after the initial deal.

An early surrender allows the player to surrender when a 10 or face card is drawn without checking the hole card for blackjack. That could be preferable if the dealer is showing a particularly strong hand, like an Ace.

A late surrender allows the player to surrender after checking the hole card, but before the dealer reveals his or her hand.

Many players view the early surrender as more favorable, especially if the dealer is showing an Ace. For example, virtually all players of 21 will split a pair of Aces by placing an additional bet to create two potentially winning hands.

After receiving two more cards, the player determines whether to hit or stand with each of the two hands he or she now has.

Depending on the cards dealt, splitting your cards can double your chances of hitting a blackjack. Splitting cards can also at least double your potential winnings from the same initial hand dealt.

Most will not split a pair of cards worth 20 points, for example, while all will split a pair of Aces. Blackjack rules say that when your first two cards are identical, you may split them to create two different hands.

Knowing when to split your dealt hand is an important element of taking the edge away from the casino and back in your favor.

But if you do split, you increase your chances of getting two hands of Many experienced blackjack players are hesitant to split 8s when dealer is showing an 8 or higher.

The math shows that splitting 8s, although it puts twice the wager, will lose less over time. But the goal in blackjack is to keep your losses to a minimum by choosing the strategy that will lose less than other options.

Why do this? Another popular play that could double your potential winnings—and losses—on a particular hand is the double down. The double down allows you to double your wager after the initial bet, but you only get one more card.

Many skilled players use a strict system based on statistical probability to determine the ideal times to double down. As with splitting cards, that assessment includes what the dealer is showing off the deal, plus other cards that might already have gone into play.

The number of decks used also affects the ideal strategy for playing 21 and considering when to double down on your bet. Many casinos play by the traditional 21 rules that were once popular on the Las Vegas Strip, which is traditionally called American 21 Or Vegas Rules.

These games are more common online and at small casinos that focus on locals. Yet, the game has many other versions with their own subtle rules changes.

This rule is not favorable to the player because doubling down with a soft is favorable in a lot of situations when playing Most countries outside the U.

That leaves an extra card in the deck for the players to get, and it could be an Ace at just the right time. They are not offered at all tables and are more common online than offline.

The only side bet that is standard at just about all tables is insurance. There are a very wide variety of blackjack side bets.

The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. You can ask the dealer if the variations are not clearly posted.

Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.

This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust. This is not true in games where blackjack pays as that rule increases the house edge by about 1.

The expected loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through poor play will be greater, often much greater. Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.

This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.

Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.

In most non-U. With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.

In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [15]. The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations.

For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: [16]. However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.

Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,, which falls to 3 in , for a six-deck game.

Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.

These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected.

The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:. During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.

Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt.

These inferences can be used in the following ways:. A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e. When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'.

A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned. The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems.

Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game. Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0.

Card counting is most rewarding near the end of a complete shoe when as few as possible cards remain. Single-deck games are therefore particularly advantageous to the card counting player.

As a result, casinos are more likely to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games.

In games with more decks of cards, casinos limit penetration by ending the shoe and reshuffling when one or more decks remain undealt.

Casinos also sometimes use a shuffling machine to reintroduce the exhausted cards every time a deck has been played. Card counting is legal and is not considered cheating as long as the counter is not using an external device, [19] : 6—7 but if a casino realizes players are counting, the casino might inform them that they are no longer welcome to play blackjack.

Sometimes a casino might ban a card counter from the property. The use of external devices to help counting cards is illegal in all US states that license blackjack card games.

Techniques other than card counting can swing the advantage of casino blackjack toward the player. All such techniques are based on the value of the cards to the player and the casino as originally conceived by Edward O.

Shuffle tracking requires excellent eyesight and powers of visual estimation but is more difficult to detect since the player's actions are largely unrelated to the composition of the cards in the shoe.

Arnold Snyder's articles in Blackjack Forum magazine brought shuffle tracking to the general public. His book, The Shuffle Tracker's Cookbook, mathematically analyzed the player edge available from shuffle tracking based on the actual size of the tracked slug.

Jerry L. Patterson also developed and published a shuffle-tracking method for tracking favorable clumps of cards and cutting them into play and tracking unfavorable clumps of cards and cutting them out of play.

The player can also gain an advantage by identifying cards from distinctive wear markings on their backs, or by hole carding observing during the dealing process the front of a card dealt face down.

These methods are generally legal although their status in particular jurisdictions may vary. Many blackjack tables offer a side bet on various outcomes including: [27].

The side wager is typically placed in a designated area next to the box for the main wager. A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack.

Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager. A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is usually permitted to place a side bet regardless of whether the controlling player does so.

The house edge for side bets is generally far higher than for the blackjack game itself. Nonetheless side bets can be susceptible to card counting.

A side count, designed specifically for a particular side bet, can improve the player edge. Only a few side bets, like "Lucky Ladies", offer a sufficient win rate to justify the effort of advantage play.

In team play it is common for team members to be dedicated toward counting only a sidebet using a specialized count. Blackjack can be played in tournament form.

Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders. Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round.

Another tournament format, Elimination Blackjack , drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament. Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered.

As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted.

Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles. Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e.

Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe i. Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world.

Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play. Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos.

The following are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry.

An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack. It is mostly played in private circles and barracks.

A British variation is called "Pontoon", the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un". Blackjack is also featured in various television shows.

Here are a few shows inspired by the game. In , professional gamblers around the world were invited to nominate great blackjack players for admission into the Blackjack Hall of Fame.

Seven members were inducted in , with new people inducted every year after. Members include Edward O. Thorp , author of the s book Beat the Dealer which proved that the game could be beaten with a combination of basic strategy and card counting ; Ken Uston , who popularized the concept of team play; Arnold Snyder , author and editor of the Blackjack Forum trade journal; Stanford Wong , author and popularizer of the "Wonging" technique of only playing at a positive count, and several others.

Novels have been written around blackjack and the possibility of winning games via some kind of method. An almost identical theme was shown in the Canadian film The Last Casino.

In The Hangover , an American comedy, four friends try to count cards to win back enough money to secure the release of their friend from the clutches of a notorious criminal they stole from the previous night while blacked out.

A central part of the plot of Rain Man is that Raymond Dustin Hoffman , an autistic savant , is able to win at blackjack by counting cards.

This movie displays different blackjack lingo and risky moves that have high rewards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the gambling game.

For the shedding-type card game sometimes called Black Jack, see Switch card game. For other uses, see Black Jack.

Gambling card game. Blackjack example game. Main article: Advantage player. Main article: Card counting.

Main article: Shuffle tracking. Main article: Blackjack Hall of Fame. Scarne's new complete guide to gambling Fully rev. Barcelona: Flor del Viento Ediciones.

Journal of the American Statistical Association. Retrieved May 21, Wizard of Odds Consulting, Inc.

Casino Black Jack Rules - Offres de bienvenue

Es ist auch das Kartenzählsystem, mit dem ich nahezu 50 Jahre gearbeitet habe, und das ich hunderten von Spielern in meiner Blackjack Schule und in den Seminaren beigebracht habe. Der Einsatz der mitsetzenden Spieler darf nur so hoch sein, dass das vom Casino festgelegte Limit pro Box nicht überschritten wird. Kategorien : Kartenspiel mit traditionellem Blatt Glücksspiel Casinospiel. Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Ein mitsetzender Spieler in einer Box kann nur dann verdoppeln, wenn auch der Boxinhaber seinen Einsatz verdoppelt.

Casino Black Jack Rules Video

8 Things To Never Do At A Blackjack Table! Zusatzchance Combination 3. In allen 12 Casinos. Setzen Sie bei Black Jack auf bestimmte Kartenkombinationen der ersten 2 Karten einer Box, sowie der ersten​. Black Jack ➤ Blackjack ist eines der beliebtesten Kartenspiele in der Casinowelt ➤ Beim Blackjack gelten unsere allgemein gültigen Black Jack Spielregeln. Die Amerikaner machten daraus den „schwarzen Hans“ und das Spiel trat unter dem Namen Black Jack seinen Siegeszug in den europäischen Spielbanken an​. Walk up to the cashier's cage and exchange your caps for casino chips. The term “Blackjack” refers to when your first two cards are an ace and a 10 value card, which equals All of the casinos in the Fallout game follow these rules. Misch mit Betfair Casino die Karten und entdecke unsere große Auswahl an Live Majority Rules Blackjack. Premium Premium Blackjack Single Hand. Card counting techniques can identify such situations. The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole cardwhich the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack. That leaves Sizzling Hot Vulkan extra card in the deck for the players to get, and it could be an Ace at just the right time. Archived from the original on October 7, Sportingbet Europe While you are here, check out some of our most Michigan Wolverines features: Want to practice? App Panda blackjack is therefore an Ace and any ten-valued card, with the additional requirement that these be your first two cards. Players have to draw first, and if they bust, they automatically lose regardless if the dealer subsequently busts in the same round. Most casinos allow players to play more than one hand Www.Slizzing Hot round, assuming there Casino Wiesbaden Pokerturnier empty spots on the table. Casino Black Jack Rules

Whichever is best for your hand. A soft hand is any hand that includes an ace. Here we have an ace and a 7, this could ether be considered an 8 or an 18, whichever is better for you hand.

A hard hand, would be any hand, not including an ace. The dealer will deal the cards, dealing the player one card up, himself one card down, the player his second card up and then dealing himself the second card and only flipping over one of his two cards, its important to know that as a player you only have the ability to see one of the dealers two cards.

So, what happens when the player and the dealer both have the same point value hand? This is called the push, in this situation neither the dealer nor the player will win.

Everybody breaks even. So, the games called blackjack, but what is blackjack? Well blackjack is when the player or the dealer gets 21 on their initial two cards, this is an exciting hand because it guarantees a win for the player given the dealer does not have blackjack also.

This is a major advantage for the player because blackjack pays out a higher odds, then any other winning hand. I will discuss the odds later in table rules.

In order to do this, we will consider when a player places a bet, these options are splitting, doubling down, surrender and insurance.

These options are at the players discretion to use to either improve their hand or their profits and they can only be taken after the dealer has dealt the first two cards and the player uses it as an initial request.

Player has an 18, player stays, player has another 18, player stays. Dealer has a 17, the player will win both of these hands, paying two chips, which was his initial bet to each hand he was able to double his profits.

Doubling down as another player option. The player will place an additional bet up to a max bet of their initial bet and request the double down.

Here the player requests the double down, he will only receive one card and that will compete his play.

The dealer has 19, the player has 21, the player was able to double their profits here. Surrender is not always an option at the table and I later talk about this in the table rules.

If this option is available a player may surrender their hand, sacrificing half of their initial bet, this is often used if the player feels they have no chance of winning the hand and relinquishes half of their bet to escape risking losing their entire bet.

Here the player has 16, the dealer has an up card 10, the player wants to sacrifice his bet, he will be eliminated.

Insurance can be a very confusing option, so be patient and follow me here. Insurance is just a way for the player to protect his hand of when the dealer potentially has blackjack.

If the dealers up card is an ace, the player will have the option to take insurance. The dealer does have blackjack, the player loses his initial bet, but it paid at odds on his insurance bet.

He virtually breaks even here. Ultimately if the player did decide to take insurance here and the dealer does not have blackjack, the player would lose his insurance bet and then play would resume as normal with the players initial bet.

Blackjack odds are almost always going to pay out at or If surrendering is offered as a table rule, it will be defined somewhere.

Lastly, hard 17 or soft 17 table rule, this is also going to be defined on the table somewhere on the top or on a sign. Be sure to check out OnlineGambling.

Thanks for watching. The rules of blackjack are fairly consistent across different variations of the game. There are subtle nuances, but the below basic set of rules will feature in some capacity across all games.

If you're playing in an offline gambling venue or live dealer blackjack online, then there are certain rules of etiquette you need to follow. While these won't be relevant to most online blackjack players, it's still important to know the right way to act at a blackjack table.

While online casinos will display blackjack tables slightly differently, many of the features will be the same. Justin Flynn boasts over 6 successful years of traveling the world, playing blackjack and spending countless hours methodically analyzing the game.

Now, as the Blackjack Innovator, Justin is sharing his extensive learnings and educating players on the best way to play blackjack.

When a player doubles down in blackjack, they double their bet in the middle of the hand in exchange for one card only.

However, many players incorporate doubling down into their blackjack strategy , particularly if their cards equal 11 and the dealer has a low card.

Free bet blackjack is a variant of the traditional game. The main differences are in the bets. Players can double down for free anytime on hard 9, 10 or 11, and enjoy free splits on all pairs except 10s and fours.

For the dealer, free bet blackjack means all hands equaling 22 become a push instead of a win for the player. When the dealer and a player have the same hand value in blackjack , that is a push.

This means the player has not lost any funds in that round of the game, but hasn't won anything, either. Face cards refer to jack, queen or king cards of any suit in blackjack.

Each face card has a value of 10, which makes them particularly valuable to players in a game of blackjack. When paired with an ace card, face cards can make blackjack.

These are additional wagers players can make at the beginning of the game alongside the main bet. The odds and payouts of side bets vary, so players should research these before using them in blackjack games.

Ace cards are worth either 10 or one in blackjack — it depends on the player's choice. Paired with a face card jack, queen or king an ace can make blackjack, which is why it is a popular hand with players.

A king card has a value of 10, regardless of suit. Besides ace cards, which can be worth 11, kings have the highest value in blackjack, alongside queens and jacks.

A jack is a face card, which is worth 10 in blackjack. Along with king and queen cards, jacks have the second-highest value in blackjack.

When paired with an ace, face cards can hit 21 blackjack. In blackjack, a queen is defined as a face card.

However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variance , they might choose to make this bet.

The insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a one in three chance of being a ten.

Card counting techniques can identify such situations. Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here in percentage points , not percentage.

The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. You can ask the dealer if the variations are not clearly posted.

Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.

This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust. This is not true in games where blackjack pays as that rule increases the house edge by about 1.

The expected loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through poor play will be greater, often much greater.

Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.

This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.

Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.

In most non-U. With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.

In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [15].

The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations. For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: [16]. However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.

Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,, which falls to 3 in , for a six-deck game.

Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.

These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected.

The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:. During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.

Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt.

These inferences can be used in the following ways:. A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e.

When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'. A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.

The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems. Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.

Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0. Card counting is most rewarding near the end of a complete shoe when as few as possible cards remain.

Single-deck games are therefore particularly advantageous to the card counting player. As a result, casinos are more likely to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games.

In games with more decks of cards, casinos limit penetration by ending the shoe and reshuffling when one or more decks remain undealt. Casinos also sometimes use a shuffling machine to reintroduce the exhausted cards every time a deck has been played.

Card counting is legal and is not considered cheating as long as the counter is not using an external device, [19] : 6—7 but if a casino realizes players are counting, the casino might inform them that they are no longer welcome to play blackjack.

Sometimes a casino might ban a card counter from the property. The use of external devices to help counting cards is illegal in all US states that license blackjack card games.

Techniques other than card counting can swing the advantage of casino blackjack toward the player. All such techniques are based on the value of the cards to the player and the casino as originally conceived by Edward O.

Shuffle tracking requires excellent eyesight and powers of visual estimation but is more difficult to detect since the player's actions are largely unrelated to the composition of the cards in the shoe.

Arnold Snyder's articles in Blackjack Forum magazine brought shuffle tracking to the general public. His book, The Shuffle Tracker's Cookbook, mathematically analyzed the player edge available from shuffle tracking based on the actual size of the tracked slug.

Jerry L. Patterson also developed and published a shuffle-tracking method for tracking favorable clumps of cards and cutting them into play and tracking unfavorable clumps of cards and cutting them out of play.

The player can also gain an advantage by identifying cards from distinctive wear markings on their backs, or by hole carding observing during the dealing process the front of a card dealt face down.

These methods are generally legal although their status in particular jurisdictions may vary. Many blackjack tables offer a side bet on various outcomes including: [27].

The side wager is typically placed in a designated area next to the box for the main wager. A player wishing to wager on a side bet is usually required to place a wager on blackjack.

Some games require that the blackjack wager should equal or exceed any side bet wager. A non-controlling player of a blackjack hand is usually permitted to place a side bet regardless of whether the controlling player does so.

The house edge for side bets is generally far higher than for the blackjack game itself. Nonetheless side bets can be susceptible to card counting.

A side count, designed specifically for a particular side bet, can improve the player edge. Only a few side bets, like "Lucky Ladies", offer a sufficient win rate to justify the effort of advantage play.

In team play it is common for team members to be dedicated toward counting only a sidebet using a specialized count. Blackjack can be played in tournament form.

Players start with an equal numbers of chips; the goal is to finish among the top chip-holders. Depending on the number of competitors, tournaments may be held over several rounds, with one or two players qualifying from each table after a set number of deals to meet the qualifiers from the other tables in the next round.

Another tournament format, Elimination Blackjack , drops the lowest-stacked player from the table at pre-determined points in the tournament.

Good strategy for blackjack tournaments can differ from non-tournament strategy because of the added dimension of choosing the amount to be wagered.

As in poker tournaments, players pay the casino an initial entry fee to participate in a tournament, and re-buys are sometimes permitted. Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of casino-style games at electronic consoles.

Video blackjack game rules are generally more favorable to the house; e. Video and online blackjack games generally deal each round from a fresh shoe i.

Blackjack is a member of a large family of traditional card games played recreationally all around the world. Most of these games have not been adapted for casino play.

Furthermore, the casino game development industry is very active in producing blackjack variants, most of which are ultimately not adopted for widespread use in casinos.

The following are the prominent twenty-one themed comparing card games which have been adapted or invented for use in casinos and have become established in the gambling industry.

An ace can only count as eleven, but two aces count as a blackjack. It is mostly played in private circles and barracks. A British variation is called "Pontoon", the name being probably a corruption of "Vingt-et-un".

Blackjack is also featured in various television shows. Here are a few shows inspired by the game. In , professional gamblers around the world were invited to nominate great blackjack players for admission into the Blackjack Hall of Fame.

Seven members were inducted in , with new people inducted every year after. Members include Edward O. Thorp , author of the s book Beat the Dealer which proved that the game could be beaten with a combination of basic strategy and card counting ; Ken Uston , who popularized the concept of team play; Arnold Snyder , author and editor of the Blackjack Forum trade journal; Stanford Wong , author and popularizer of the "Wonging" technique of only playing at a positive count, and several others.

Novels have been written around blackjack and the possibility of winning games via some kind of method. An almost identical theme was shown in the Canadian film The Last Casino.

In The Hangover , an American comedy, four friends try to count cards to win back enough money to secure the release of their friend from the clutches of a notorious criminal they stole from the previous night while blacked out.

A central part of the plot of Rain Man is that Raymond Dustin Hoffman , an autistic savant , is able to win at blackjack by counting cards.

This movie displays different blackjack lingo and risky moves that have high rewards. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the gambling game. For the shedding-type card game sometimes called Black Jack, see Switch card game. For other uses, see Black Jack.

Gambling card game. Blackjack example game. Main article: Advantage player. Main article: Card counting.

Main article: Shuffle tracking. Main article: Blackjack Hall of Fame.

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