Dutch Royal Family

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Die Monarchie der Niederlande ist die konstitutionelle Monarchie der Niederlande. Als solche werden die Rolle und Position des Monarchen durch die Verfassung der Niederlande definiert und begrenzt. - Erkunde europeroyalss Pinnwand „Dutch Royal Family“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Niederländisches königshaus, Königshaus, Niederlande. Queen Maxima of The Netherlands has stunned in a floor-length red gown by Dutch designer Clares Iversen at a state banquet in New Zealand. She attended​. King Willem-Alexander of The Netherlands, Queen Maxima of The Netherlands, Princess Amalia of The Netherlands, Princess Alexia of The Netherlands and. Abonnenten, 93 folgen, Beiträge - Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -​Videos von The Dutch Royal Family (@thedutchroyalfamily) an.

Dutch Royal Family

Abonnenten, 93 folgen, Beiträge - Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -​Videos von The Dutch Royal Family (@thedutchroyalfamily) an. King Willem-Alexander of The Netherlands, Queen Maxima of The Netherlands, Princess Amalia of The Netherlands, Princess Alexia of The Netherlands and. Geni Project: Dutch Royal Family Genealogies. Genealogy of the Dutch Royal Family foto © Erwin OLAF In geni exists a lot of wrong r.

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Posted on Juni 20, by admin. After the war the palace fell into disrepair. Not everyone is sure the magazine has done its homework properly. You can make the 3-kilometre walk from the city centre through the forest.

Under current Dutch law the monarch receives an annual stipend which is part of the annual budget, as do the heir-apparent if of age , the spouse of the monarch, the spouse of the heir-apparent, the former monarch, and the spouse of the former monarch.

The monarch receives this stipend constitutionally, the others because they are not allowed to work for anybody due to their positions. This stipend is linked to the development of the wages of Dutch civil servants.

At the beginning of there was some upset in the parliament about the cost of the royal house and the lack of insight into the structure of those costs.

At the insistence of the parliament the development of the stipends of the royal house members was then linked to the development of the salaries of the Dutch civil servants.

In September , at the first budget debate in parliament during the economic crisis, it was pointed out to the parliament that their earlier decision meant that the stipend to the queen would now also increase.

This in turn was reason for the parliament to be displeased again. Under the constitution, royal house members receiving a stipend are exempt from income tax over that stipend.

The monarch has the use of Huis ten Bosch as a residence and Noordeinde Palace as a work palace. In addition the Royal Palace of Amsterdam is also at the disposal of the monarch although it is only used for state visits and is open to the public when not in use for that purpose , as is Soestdijk Palace which is open to the public and not in official use at all at this time.

The monarch has the use of an airplane and a train for state visits although the airplane is not exclusively reserved for the monarch anymore and the train spends most of its time on display at the Dutch Railway Museum.

The monarch is protected by law against Lese-majesty. This is actively enforced, [2] [3] [4] although the sentences tend to be light. According to Dutch TV , in total 18 prosecutions were brought under the law between and , half of which resulted in convictions.

The royal family has become quite extensive since the birth of Queen Juliana 's children. By consequence so has the Dutch royal house nominally the collection of persons in line for the throne and their spouses , to the extent that membership of the royal house was limited by a change in the law in Despite being a large clan, the family as a whole has very little to do officially with Dutch government or the running of the Netherlands.

Constitutionally, an important role is played by the monarch. Since neither the monarch nor the heir-apparent may hold jobs, they receive a stipend from the government.

Their spouses are similarly forbidden from earning an income and receive a stipend as well. But constitutionally that is the whole of the involvement of the royal family with the Dutch government.

In particular, members of the royal house other than the monarch and the heir-apparent have no official tasks within the Dutch government and do not receive stipends.

They are responsible for their own conduct and their own income. They may be asked to stand in from time to time such as to accompany the monarch on a state visit if the consort is ill, but this is always a personal favor and not an official duty.

In addition, they are not exempt from taxation. Many members of the royal family hold or have held significant positions within civil society , usually functioning as head or spokesperson of one or more charitable organizations , patron of the arts and similar endeavors.

Some members of the royal family are also or have been avid supporters of some personal cause; Prince Bernhard for instance was always passionate about the treatment of World War II veterans and Princess Margriet who was born in Canada has a special relationship with Canadian veterans specifically.

As a rule of thumb, the members of the royal family who are contemporaries of Princess Beatrix tend to hold civil society positions as a primary occupation whereas younger family members hold these positions in conjunction with a regular, paying job.

A notable exception to this rule is Pieter van Vollenhoven husband to Princess Margriet , who was chairman of the Dutch Safety Board until his retirement.

As noted earlier, the spouses of the monarch and the heir-apparent are forbidden from holding paying jobs or government responsibilities.

This is to prevent any monetary entanglements or undue influences involving the current and future monarchs.

These legal limits were not a great problem when they were instituted in the 19th century; The Netherlands had kings and it was considered normal for a married woman to tend the household, raise the family and not to hold any position outside the home.

The limits have been more problematic since the early 20th century, when the monarchy of the Netherlands passed to a series of queens and the consorts became men, starting with Prince Hendrik in The male consorts since then have all either been raised with an expectation of government responsibility such as Prince Hendrik , or had established careers of their own before marrying the future queen Prince Bernhard and Prince Claus.

Upon marrying into the Dutch royal family they all found themselves severely restricted in their freedom to act and make use of their abilities. All of the male consorts have been involved in some form of difficulty or another scandals involving infidelity and finances in the cases of Hendrik and Bernhard, deep depression in the case of Claus and it has been widely speculated and even generally accepted that sheer boredom played at least a part in all of these difficulties.

Over time the restrictions on royal consorts have eased somewhat. Prince Hendrik was allowed no part or role in the Netherlands whatsoever.

Due to his war efforts, Prince Bernhard was made Inspector General of the Dutch armed forces although that role was created for him and was an unofficial ambassador for the Netherlands who leveraged his wartime contacts to help Dutch industry.

All that came to a halt in however, after the Lockheed bribery scandals. Prince Claus was allowed more leeway still after having established himself in Dutch society he was unpopular at first, being a German marrying into the royal family after World War II ; he was eventually given an advisorship within the Ministry for Development Cooperation pertaining to Africa , where he made good use of his experiences as a German diplomat in that continent.

Although Dutch lawmakers have historically favored being very conservative about creating special legal positions for members of the royal house or the royal family, there is one area in which the rules for members of the royal house are very different from those for other Dutch citizens: the area of death and burial.

The reason for this exceptional position of members of the royal house is traditional. Ever since the burial of William the Silent in the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft , members of the Orange-Nassau family have favored burial in the same crypt where William was entombed some members of the family buried elsewhere were even moved there later.

However, for health and hygiene reasons, burial in churches was forbidden in the Netherlands by decree of William I in the practice had been banned before under French occupation of the country, but returned after In order to allow entombing of members of the Royal family, all Dutch laws pertaining to burial have made an exception for the royal house ever since the decree.

Burial of members of the royal house is completely a matter of tradition, circumstance, practicality and spirit of the times this due to the lack of any formal rules whatsoever.

As a rule of thumb, the body of a deceased member of the royal house is placed on display for a few days in one of the palaces, to allow the family to say goodbye.

Depending on the identity of the deceased a deceased monarch, for instance , there may also be a viewing for the public. Then, on the burial day, the body is transported to Delft in a special horse-drawn carriage.

Current protocol specifies eight horses for a deceased monarch and six for a deceased royal consort which is relatively new, since Prince Hendrik was borne to Delft by eight horses.

The current carriage is purple with white trim this has also changed since the burial of Queen Wilhelmina in , when the carriage was white.

Currently, the route to Delft is lined by members of the Dutch armed forces which is also new since the burial of Prince Hendrik, which was a very quiet affair.

Once in Delft, the body is entombed in the family crypt after a short service. Only members of the family are allowed into the crypt, through the main entrance in the church which is only opened for royal funerals the mayor of Delft has a key to a separate service entrance, which is only opened in the presence of two military police officers and two members of the Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service for maintenance.

The importance and position of the monarchy within Dutch society has changed over time, together with changes in the constitutional position of the monarchy.

The monarchy of the Netherlands was established in as a reaction to the decline and eventual fall of the Dutch Republic. It was observed at the time that a large part of the decline of the republic was due to a lack of a strong, central government in the face of strong, centrally led competitor nations such as Great Britain and the French kingdom.

After the defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte in and the resurrection of the Netherlands, it was decided to reform the republic in the Kingdom of the Netherlands with a monarchy rather than the old stadtholder system.

The original monarchy was absolute in nature, with the States-General serving as more of an advisory board without the power to do much against the king.

This state of affairs allowed the king great freedom to determine the course of the nation and indeed William I was able to push through many changes that set the nation on the course towards industrialization and wealth.

On the other hand, his policies caused great discord with the Southern Netherlands, leading to the Belgian Revolution and a years-long war.

A backlash against these policies plus rising fear of early Marxism led to acceptance by William II of a series of reforms, starting with a new constitution in which was the start of a continuing series of limitations on royal power.

Direct political power and influence of the king continued until , although it slowly declined in the meantime. Both William I and William II proved quite conservative rulers although William II was less inclined to interfere with policy than his father was , William I resisted major reforms until eventually conflict with the States-General and his own government forced his abdication.

William III 's reign was a continuous saga of power struggles between the monarch and the parliamentary government which he forced out a couple of times , plus major international crises due to the same stubbornness including the Luxembourg Crisis.

As a result, the Dutch government used the succession of William III by a female regent as an opportunity to make a power play and establish government authority over royal authority.

Queen Wilhelmina was not happy with the new situation and made several half-hearted attempts during her reign to reassert authority.

She was partly successful in certain areas being able to push for military rearmament before World War I but she never succeeded in restoring royal power.

She did introduce a new concept to Dutch royalty though: the popular monarch. Establishing her popularity in military circles through her support of Dutch military prior to , she was able to wield her personal popularity to uphold the government against a socialist revolution in Royal power continued to decline until the start of World War II.

Forced to flee to London , Queen Wilhelmina established the position of "mother of the Dutch state" through her radio broadcasts into the occupied Netherlands and her support for other Dutchmen evading the Germans and fighting from England.

She tried to position her family into more influence by giving Prince Bernhard an important position in the military, but was still relegated to a position of constitutional monarchy after the war.

Following Wilhelmina's abdication in , the Orange family seems to have settled for a position of unofficial influence behind the scenes coupled with a role as "popular monarchs" in public.

As such the monarchs are practically never seen in public doing their official work except news footage of state visits and the reading of the government plans on Prinsjesdag and instead their relationship with the public has become more of a popular and romanticized notion of royalty.

Queens Juliana and Beatrix were popularly perceived to have a figurehead role, serving to some extent as "mother of the nation" in times of crises and disasters such as the floods.

In addition, there is a public holiday called Koningsdag before Koninginnedag , during which the royal family pays a visit somewhere in the country and participates in local activities and traditions in order to get closer to the people.

The popularity of the monarchy has changed over time, with constitutional influence, circumstance and economic tides.

When the monarchy was established in , popularity was not a major concern. This changed drastically over the following years as William I's policies alienated the Southern Netherlands, drew the country into civil war and established industries that favored the rich Protestants and not the general populace.

Royal popularity remained relatively low throughout the reign of the kings. William II was conservative, but on the whole did as little to lose popularity as he did to gain it.

Economic decline drove most of his popular decline, although popular support for the monarch was still not considered of much import then.

William III was unpopular under a wide section of the public. Royal popularity started to increase with Wilhelmina's ascent to the throne.

She pushed for national reforms, was a huge supporter of the armed forces and strove for renewed industrialization. Around the country was generally divided into two camps: socialists in the cities, royalists elsewhere.

This showed in the dividing lines during the failed Troelstra revolution , where Troelstra gained popular support in the larger cities but the countryside flocked to the queen.

Wilhelmina was able to muster popular support with a countryside "publicity tour" together with her daughter — this showing of popular support for the queen was instrumental in halting the revolution and stabilizing the government.

Still, Wilhelmina remained deeply unpopular in the cities throughout the s and s. Wilhelmina was forced to retreat to London, but refused evacuation all the way to Canada although princess Juliana was sent there with her children.

Wilhelmina regularly held radio broadcasts into the occupied Netherlands and staunchly supported the Dutch troops in exile. She became the symbol for Dutch resistance against the Germans.

Wilhelmina established popular support for the monarchy that essentially holds to this day [ citation needed ]. Prior to the Batavian Revolution of , the semi-independent provinces of the Netherlands had chief-executives called stadtholders , who were all drawn from the House of Orange or the House of Nassau by primogeniture.

After the office became formally hereditary in all seven provinces in the House of Orange-Nassau. Their title ' Prince of Orange ' was acquired through inheritance of the Principality of Orange in southern France , in From to his death in , he led the Dutch struggle for independence from Spain.

His younger brother, John VI, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg , Stadtholder of Utrecht, was the direct male line ancestor of the later Stadtholders of Friesland and Groningen , the later hereditary stadtholders and the first King of the Netherlands.

The Netherlands remained, formally, a confederated republic, even when in the office of stadtholder was centralized one stadtholder for all provinces and became formally hereditary under the House of Orange-Nassau.

The present monarchy was founded in , when the French were driven out. The new regime was headed by Prince William Frederick of Orange, the son of the last stadtholder.

He originally reigned over only the territory of the old republic as " sovereign prince ". As part of the rearrangement of Europe at the Congress of Vienna , the House of Orange-Nassau was confirmed as rulers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands , enlarged with what are now Belgium and Luxembourg.

At the same time, William became hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg in exchange for ceding his family's hereditary lands in Germany to Nassau-Weilburg and Prussia.

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was a part of the Netherlands until while at the same time a member state of the German Confederation.

It became fully independent in , but remained in a personal union with the Kingdom of the Netherlands until Abdication of the throne has become a de facto tradition in the Dutch monarchy.

It became the Protestant Church in the Netherlands after its merger, but some members of the Royal Family are Catholic.

There is no law in the Netherlands stipulating what religion the monarch should be, although the constitution stipulated up to that marriage to a Catholic meant loss of rights to the throne the constitutional overhaul of changed this to a requirement that potential heirs must seek parliamentary approval before marriage in order to retain rights of succession.

As such, these items have a cultural significance beyond that of simple artworks and jewellery, and have therefore been placed in the hands of trusts: the House of Orange-Nassau Archives Trust and the House of Orange-Nassau Historic Collections Trust.

Queen Juliana had sold the remaining royal palaces and had put the cultural assets paintings, antiques, books, etc.

The crown jewels , comprising the crown , orb and sceptre , Sword of State , royal banner, and ermine mantle have been placed in the Crown Property Trust.

The trust also holds the items used on ceremonial occasions, such as the carriages, table silver, and dinner services. Placing these goods in the hands of a trust ensures that they will remain at the disposal of the monarch in perpetuity.

The library was begun in , following the return of the Orange-Nassaus to the Netherlands. The library houses a collection of some 70, books, journals and brochures.

The music library has 6, scores, going back to the mid 18th century. The Royal House Finances Act [13] as amended in sets allowances for the King or Queen Regnant , the Heir to the Throne, and the former sovereign who has abdicated.

Provision is also made for their spouses and in the case of death, for the surviving spouse. The allowances have two components: income A-component and personnel and materials B-component.

Annual increases or decreases are provided for: the A component is linked to changes in the annual salary of the Vice-President of the Council of State ; the B-component is linked to changes in civil service pay and the cost of living.

In , the government decided that the annual State Budget of the Netherlands should show in a transparent way all the costs of the Royal House, some of which had previously been borne by various Government Ministries.

These are:. Costs relating to the security of members of the royal house, state visits, and the maintenance and upkeep of the royal palaces which are considered to be national monuments continue to be funded by the budgets of the appropriate Government Ministries and are not included in the budget for the Royal House.

When Wilhelmina came to the Dutch throne in at age 10, the throne of Luxembourg went to her very distant agnate but incidentally also her maternal granduncle , Adolf , former Duke of Nassau.

Thus ended the personal union between the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The year reign of Queen Wilhelmina was dominated by the two World Wars.

She married a German prince, Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin , who was not happy with his unrewarding role of husband-to-the-queen. Wilhelmina's strong personality and unrelenting passion to fulfill her inherited task overpowered many men in position of authority, including ministers, Prime Ministers and her own husband.

She is mostly remembered for her role during World War II. The initial disappointment of many Dutch people because of her quick withdrawal to London faded though it was never forgotten and by some was never forgiven when she proved to be of great moral support to the people and the resistance in her occupied country [ who?

Hendrik and Wilhelmina had one daughter, Juliana , who came to the throne in She died in For her early reign and character, the letters of Queen Victoria give a good perspective.

Juliana reigned from until , and whereas Wilhelmina reigned like a general, Juliana expressed a more motherly character.

One of her first official acts was to sign the treaty of independence of the Dutch colony Indonesia. During her reign the monarchy became entangled in two major crises: the Greet Hofmans affair and the Lockheed bribery scandals.

In the first it was her involvement in a mystic pacifist group that was a cause for concern. The second crisis announced itself when it became known that, the queen's husband, Prince Bernard von Lippe-Biesterfeld , had taken bribes to advance Lockheed's bid.

After an inquiry, the prince was forbidden to perform the military tasks he had performed since , but in this crisis the monarchy itself, nor Juliana's position, was never in doubt.

She died on 20 March Her husband Bernhard died on 1 December In today's Daily Edit we join stylish Queen Maxima in Amsterdam where she opened an exciting new science exhibition.

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In today's Daily Edit we join Queen Maxima of the Netherlands as she meets youngsters at a science award event. Meanwhile we find out how Sarah….

Meanwhile we…. In today's Daily Edit we join Queen Maxima of the Netherlands as she launches an artificial intelligence course for children at a local school.

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As noted by BBC News , the royal was buried under snow for some 15 minutes. The royal passed away in August after spending a year and a half in a coma.

The loss of Prince Friso broke the hearts of the Dutch royal family. He explained that while Prince Friso lived in London with his family and was not a part of his daily life, he was "always in the background," adding, "if you no longer have that, you miss it.

Willem-Alexander also said the tragedy was quite hard on his mother, Queen Beatrix, saying that when a mother suffers the death of a child "they lose part of themselves.

The Dutch royal family is known for being quite down to earth. King Willem-Alexander's brother, Prince Constantijn, holds down a secular job.

The same is true for Constantijn's wife Princess Laurentien. Both are employed by a global policy institute and they also both work for the Dutch ministry of foreign affairs part-time.

Additionally, the late Prince Friso worked for a uranium-enrichment company. Perhaps most surprising is that King Willem-Alexander himself holds down a regular job — one that he began while he was still a prince and kept well after becoming king.

In a interview via The New York Times , he announced that for the last 21 years he'd been an airline co-pilot for KLM Cityhopper, flying two flights per month.

The king doesn't consider flying to be his main gig, though. Rather, he said he thinks of it as more of "a hobby.

While we hear about kings and queens being crowned in coronation ceremonies, such as Queen Elizabeth , who was coronated in , there is no such ceremony in the Netherlands.

While the Dutch royal family has a crown — and women are often spotted wearing tiaras — the monarch is not actually crowned when ascending the throne.

Instead, they have a swearing-in ceremony in which the crown, and other regalia, simply sit atop a table. The newly created kingdom included what is now known as Belgium.

While the Dutch were of the Protestant faith, Belgians were Catholic, which led to the "problem of who would put the crown on the king's head.

Other Scandinavian monarchies followed suit, as did the Kingdom of Belgium when it became an independent country. King Willem-Alexander and Queen Maxima make an adorable couple and their relationship was a real-life fairy tale from the beginning.

They first met in at the Seville Spring Fair in Spain. The Argentinian-born Maxima Zorreguieta caught the eye of the young prince and they started dating.

At that point in time, though, she had no idea that her new beau was the heir to the Dutch throne. After they went public, the people of the Netherlands resisted their future king's girlfriend because her father, Jorge Zorreguieta, was Argentina's agriculture minister in the s — a period in which Argentina was ruled by a military dictatorship.

The Dutch parliament debated whether or not the Argentinian would be allowed to become a member of the Dutch royal family, but Queen Beatrix gave the couple her official approval in and they announced their engagement that year.

The controversy meant that Queen Maxima's father was not allowed at her wedding, but the couple still enjoyed their special day. Growing up in the public eye is no easy thing, whether you're a celebrity or a royal.

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